Control of physical conditions of students of special medical groups with disorders of the musculoskeletal system as a prerequisite for the development of programs of physical therapy


  • O. Z. Blavt National University «Lviv Polytechnic», Ukraine,
  • V. M. Koriahin National University «Lviv Polytechnic», Ukraine,
  • E. Yu. Doroshenko Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • L. I. Levchenko Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • S. H. Puzik Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • A. M. Hurieieva Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • O. Ye. Chernenko Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • M. O. Oliinyk Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,



students, physical conditioning, musculoskeletal system, scoliosis, orthopedic disorders, special medical group, program, physical therapy



The purpose of the work is to investigate the effectiveness of the use of physical condition control of students of special medical groups for the development of physical therapy programs.

Materials and methods. 40 students of 1st and 2nd year students of National University “Lviv Polytechnic” and Zaporizhzhya State Medical University participated in the experimental studies, which on the basis of the medical examinations were assigned to a special medical group for the presence of diseases of the musculoskeletal system (scoliosis I, II and III degrees). The following methods were used in the research process: analysis and generalization of scientific literature and Internet data; analysis of medical records of students; instrumental methods of morphometric and psychophysiological studies; pedagogical observations; pedagogical experiment of ascertaining orientation; methods of mathematical statistics.

The results of the study show that the application of theoretical and methodological provisions and recommendations of corrective measures in the system of test control of physical conditions in students of a special medical group in the practical work, on the basis of integration of specially selected means of physical therapy, enables to activate compensatory mechanisms, mobilize reserve mechanisms ability of the body to increase the competence to perform motor actions, helps to accelerate the formation of knowledge, skills, and elimination of defects motive sphere, eliminating the difference in indicators of psychophysical development between students of the main, preparatory and special medical group.

Conclusions. The control of morphofunctional and psychophysiological indicators is an effective mechanism of correction of the physical condition of students of a special medical group with functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system and a necessary prerequisite for the development of complex programs of rehabilitation based on the use of therapeutic exercises.


Blavt, O. Z. (2014). Testovyi control iak systemoutvoriiuchyi chynnyk fizychnoho vykhovannia studentiv spetsialnykh medychnykh hrup vyshchykh navchalnykh zakladiv [Test control factor as a system of physical education students of special medical teams of high school]. Slobozhanskyi naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk, 2, 27-32. [in Ukrainian].

Gureeva, A. M., & Klopov, R. V. (2012). Analiz fizicheskogo zdorov'ya studentok ZNU [Analysis of physical health of students of ZNU]. Visnyk Zaporizkoho nastionalnoho universitetu. Seriia: Fizychne vykhovannia ta sport, 2, 43-48. [in Russian].

Zakaliak, N. R., & Voloshyn, Kh. B. (2017). Aspekty fizychnoi reabilitatsii pry deheneratyvnodystrofichnykh protsesakh u poperekovo-kryzhovomu viddili khrebta [Aspects of physical rehabilitation in degenerative-dystrophic processes in the lumbosacral spine]. Problemy zdorovia, fizychnoi terapii, reabilitatsii ta erhoterapii. Proceedings of the 3rd All-Ukrainian correspondence scientific-practical Internet conference (pp. 64-67). Sumy: Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A. S. Makarenko. [in Ukrainian].

Zakalyak, N. (2015). Zastosuvannia zasobiv fizychnoi reabilitatsii v ozdorovlenni studentiv z osteokhondrozom khrebta v umovakh navchalnoho protsesu [Application of Facilities of Physical Rehabilitation in the Process of Improvement of Health of Students with Osteochondrosis of Backbone in Conditions of Educational Process]. Fizychne vykhovannia, sport i kultura zdorovia u suchasnomu suspilstvi, 1, 79-82. [in Ukrainian].

Shkurko, M. V., & Zviriaka, O. M. (2017). Reabilitatsiini zasoby profilaktyky pervynnoi invalidnosti sered osib iz defektamy oprno-rukhovohho aparatu [Rehabilitation facilities for the prevention of primary disability among people with musculoskeletal disorders]. Problemy zdorovia, fizychnoi terapii, reabilitatsii ta erhoterapii. Proceedings of the 3rd All-Ukrainian correspondence scientific-practical Internet conference (pp. 104-106). Sumy: Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A. S. Makarenko. [in Ukrainian].

Jacobson, O., & Chumakova, A. (2018). Osnovni pidkhody do fizychnoi terapii khvorykh na osteokhondroz poperekovo-kryzhovohho viddilu khrebta. [Basic approaches to physical therapy of patients with osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine]. Fizychna kultura, sport ta zdorovia liudyny. Proceedings of the First Regional Student Conference (pp. 115-116). Lutsk. [in Ukrainian].

Yakovliv, E. (2014). Fizychnyi rozvytok studentiv spetsialnykh medychnykh hrup [Physical development of students of special medical groups]. Fizychna kultura, sport ta zdorovia natsii, 18, 352-356. [in Ukrainian].

Aversa, Z., Zhang, X., Fielding, R. A., Lanza, I., & LeBrasseur, N. K. (2019). The clinical impact and biological mechanisms of skeletal muscle aging. Bone, 127, 26-36.

Cai, H., Bullock, G. S., Sanchez-Santos, M. T., Peirce, N., Arden, N. K., & Filbay, S. R. (2019). Joint pain and osteoarthritis in former recreational and elite cricketers. Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders, 20(1), Article 596.

Charles, S., Carayannopoulos, A. G., & Markow, A. (2019). Physical Therapy. In T. Deer, J. Pope, T. J. Lamer, & D. Provenzano (Eds.), Deer's Treatment of Pain (pp. 801-804). Springer, Cham.

Holz, S. Ch. (2019). Physical Therapy. In A. Abd-Elsayed (Ed.), Pain (pp. 965-968). Springer, Cham.

Gheno, R., Cepparo, J. M., Cristina, E., Rosca C. E., & Cotten, A. (2012). Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Elderly. Journal of Clinical Imaging Science, 2(3), 1-8.

Kardon, G. (2011). Development of the musculoskeletal system: meeting the neighbors. Development, 138(14), 2855-2859.

Kenny, S. J., Whittaker, J. L., & Emery, C. A. (2016). Risk factors for musculoskeletal injury in preprofessional dancers: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(16), 997-U972.

Khadilkar, S. S. (2019). Musculoskeletal Disorders and Menopause. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, 69(2), 99-103.

Khosrawi, S., Ramezanian, H., & Mollabashi, R. (2018). Survey of medical students' attitude and knowledge toward physical medicine and rehabilitation in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Education and Heath Promotion, 7(51).

Kirchgesner, T., Tamigneaux, C., Acid, S., Perlepe, V., Lecouvet, F., Malghem, J., & Vande Berg, B. (2019). Fasciae of the musculoskeletal system: MRI findings in trauma, infection and neoplastic diseases. Insights into Imaging, 10(1), Article 47.

Korhan, O., & Memon, A. A. (2019). Introductory Chapter: Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. In O. Korhan (Ed.), Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (pp. 1-10). London: IntechOpen

Lewis, R., Alvarez, C. B. G., Rayman, M., Lanham-New, S., Woolf, A., & Mobasheri, A. (2019). Strategies for optimising musculoskeletal health in the 21st century. Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders, 20, Article 164.

Macauley, K. (2018). Evaluating Changes in Clinical Decision-Making in Physical Therapy Students After Participating in Simulation. Health Professions Education, 4(4), 278-286.

Montalvo, A. M., Le Cara, E., & Myer, G. D. (2014). Effect of Kinesiology Taping on Pain in Individuals with Musculoskeletal Injuries: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Physician and Sportsmedicine, 42(2), 48-57.

Moffat M., Sykes C. (2013). Physical Therapy. In M. D. Gellman, J. R. Turner (eds). Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. (pp. 96-136). New York, Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9

Murphy, A. C., Muldoon, S. F., Baker, D., Lastowka, A., Bennett, B., Yang, M. Z., & Bassett, D. S. (2018). Structure, function, and control of the human musculoskeletal network. Plos Biology, 16(1).

Musharina, Yu., Gutareva, N., Martishina, M. (2016). Priority Areas in Rehabilitation Work of Physical Training Instructors. Aktualni problemy suchasnoi medytsyny: Visnyk ukrainskoi medychnoi stomatolohichnoi akademii, 16(3), 208-210.

Norland, R., Muchnick, M., Harmon, Z., Chin, T., & Kakar, R. S. (2016). Opportunities for Regenerative Rehabilitation and Advanced Technologies in Physical Therapy: Perspective From Academia. Physical Therapy, 96(4), 550-557. doi:10.2522/ptj.20150057

Osborne, P. S., Lotan, M. (2016). Physical Therapy. In I. L. Rubin, J. Merrick, D. E. Greydanus, & D. R. Patel (Eds.), Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan (pp. 1069-1076). Cham: Springer.

(2013). Physical Therapy. In G. F. Gebhart, R. F. Schmidt (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Pain (pp. 183-268). Berlin: Springer.

Piano, L., Maselli, F., Viceconti, А., Gianola, S., & Ciuro, A. (2017). Direct access to physical therapy for the patient with musculoskeletal disorders, a literature review. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 29(8), 1463-1471.

Razuvaeva, T., Gut, Yu., Lokteva, A., & Pchelkina, E. (2019). The Problem of Psychological Rehabilitation of Persons with Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System Acquired in Adulthood. Behavioral Sciences (Special Issue XVI European Congress of Psychology), 9(12), 133.

Rose, J., & Walsh, E. (2018). Physical Therapy. In J. S. Kreutzer, J. DeLuca, B. Caplan (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology (pp. 79-112). Cham: Springer.

Sanchez-Gonzalez, M. C., Gutierrez-Sanchez, E., Sanchez-Gonzalez, J. M., Rebollo-Salas, M., Ruiz-Molinero, C., Jimenez-Rejano, J. J., & Perez-Cabezas, V. Visual system disorders and musculoskeletal neck complaints: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Smith, S. N., & Crocker, A. F. (2017). Experiential learning in physical therapy education. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 8, 427-433.

Smith, T. O., Davies, L., de Medici, A., Hakim, A., Haddad, F., & Macgregor, A. (2016). Prevalence and profile of musculoskeletal injuries in ballet dancers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Physical Therapy in Sport, 19, 50-56.

Symonik, A. V., Chernenko, O. Ye., Chernenko, A. Ye., Serdyuk, D. G., Kokarev, B. V., Bulakh, S. M., & Hurieieva A. M. (2018). Application of fitball aerobics means in the system of physical education of female students of non-sporting specialties. Physical Еducation of Students, 22(3), 159-166.

Valdez, G. (2019). Effects of disease-afflicted and aging neurons on the musculoskeletal system. Bone (Special issue on Musculoskeletal Aging), 122, 31-37.

Vergara, F. J., Diercks, R. L. (2015). Physical Therapy. In E. Itoi, G. Arce, G. I. Bain, R. L. Diercks, D. Guttmann, A. B. Imhoff, … Y.-S. Yoo (Eds.), Shoulder Stiffness (pp. 174-185). Berlin, Springer.

Viveen, J., Doornberg, J. N., Kodde, I. F., Goossens, P., Koenraadt, K. L. M., The, B., & Eygendaal, D. (2017). Continuous passive motion and physical therapy (CPM) versus physical therapy (PT) versus delayed physical therapy (DPT) after surgical release for elbow contractures; a study protocol for a prospective randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 18, 484.

Whittaker, J. L., Ellis, R., Hodges, P. W., Osullivan, C., Hides, J., Fernandez-Carnero, S., … Stokes, M. J. (2019). Imaging with ultrasound in physical therapy: What is the PT’s scope of practice? A competency-based educational model and training recommendations. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(23), 1447–1453.

Zinchuk N. A., Yermolina N. V., Dorontsev A. V. (2017). The Organization of Schoolchildren Physical Training in Special Medical Groups. Pedagogiko-psihologicheskie i mediko-biologicheskie problemy fizicheskoj kul'tury i sporta, 12(2), 64-74.

How to Cite

Blavt OZ, Koriahin VM, Doroshenko EY, Levchenko LI, Puzik SH, Hurieieva AM, Chernenko OY, Oliinyk MO. Control of physical conditions of students of special medical groups with disorders of the musculoskeletal system as a prerequisite for the development of programs of physical therapy. Current issues in pharmacy and medicine: science and practice [Internet]. 2020Mar.10 [cited 2024May24];13(1). Available from:



Original research