Control of physical conditions of students of special medical groups with disorders of the musculoskeletal system as a prerequisite for the development of programs of physical therapy
Keywords:students, physical conditioning, musculoskeletal system, scoliosis, orthopedic disorders, special medical group, program, physical therapy
The purpose of the work is to investigate the effectiveness of the use of physical condition control of students of special medical groups for the development of physical therapy programs.
Materials and methods. 40 students of 1st and 2nd year students of National University “Lviv Polytechnic” and Zaporizhzhya State Medical University participated in the experimental studies, which on the basis of the medical examinations were assigned to a special medical group for the presence of diseases of the musculoskeletal system (scoliosis I, II and III degrees). The following methods were used in the research process: analysis and generalization of scientific literature and Internet data; analysis of medical records of students; instrumental methods of morphometric and psychophysiological studies; pedagogical observations; pedagogical experiment of ascertaining orientation; methods of mathematical statistics.
The results of the study show that the application of theoretical and methodological provisions and recommendations of corrective measures in the system of test control of physical conditions in students of a special medical group in the practical work, on the basis of integration of specially selected means of physical therapy, enables to activate compensatory mechanisms, mobilize reserve mechanisms ability of the body to increase the competence to perform motor actions, helps to accelerate the formation of knowledge, skills, and elimination of defects motive sphere, eliminating the difference in indicators of psychophysical development between students of the main, preparatory and special medical group.
Conclusions. The control of morphofunctional and psychophysiological indicators is an effective mechanism of correction of the physical condition of students of a special medical group with functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system and a necessary prerequisite for the development of complex programs of rehabilitation based on the use of therapeutic exercises.
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