Therapeutic exercises in the process of physical rehabilitation of athletes with traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system (based on futsal)
Keywords:athletes, therapeutic exercises, physical rehabilitation, injuries, musculoskeletal system, prevention
The purpose of the work is to investigate and to test the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises in the process of physical rehabilitation of players in futsal after traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
Materials and research methods. 36 athletes (18–27 years old), who during 2016–2019 were members of the ZSMU futsal team, took part in the experimental studies. Quantitative indicators of traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system are determined in the training and competition processes in annual training cycles based on the processing of official competition protocols and athletes' medical cards. Analysis and generalized data from scientific literature and the Internet; pedagogical observations; analysis of official competition protocols; analysis of medical records of athletes; pedagogical experiment stating orientation; methods of mathematical statistics were used in this experiment.
Results. Analysis and synthesis of the obtained data allows us to state that the main feature using to therapeutic exercises in the generalized physical rehabilitation program is that they have restorative, training orientation and comprehensively affect the restoration of stability and mobility in injured joints, muscle tone and coordination of movements, proprioceptive function, special motor skills, skills, physical qualities, general and special physical performance.
Conclusions. It was determined that the main therapeutic exercises which are used in the physical rehabilitation of athletes in futsal after injuries of the musculoskeletal system are massage exercises, stretching exercises, low-intensity cyclic locomotion, tension and relaxation exercises for healthy limbs, therapeutic exercises, conditioning exercises for large muscle groups, breathing exercises, local exercises on simulators and technical rehabilitation equipment.
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