Therapeutic exercises in the process of physical rehabilitation of athletes with traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system (based on futsal)


  • E. Yu. Doroshenko Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • S. M. Malakhova Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • O. Ye. Chernenko Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • A. M. Hurieieva Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • I. V. Shapovalova Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • I. O. Sazanova Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • M. O. Oliinyk Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,
  • T. S. Svitlychna Zaporizhzhia State Medical University, Ukraine,



athletes, therapeutic exercises, physical rehabilitation, injuries, musculoskeletal system, prevention




The purpose of the work is to investigate and to test the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises in the process of physical rehabilitation of players in futsal after traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system.

Materials and research methods. 36 athletes (18–27 years old), who during 2016–2019 were members of the ZSMU futsal team, took part in the experimental studies. Quantitative indicators of traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system are determined in the training and competition processes in annual training cycles based on the processing of official competition protocols and athletes' medical cards. Analysis and generalized data from scientific literature and the Internet; pedagogical observations; analysis of official competition protocols; analysis of medical records of athletes; pedagogical experiment stating orientation; methods of mathematical statistics were used in this experiment.

Results. Analysis and synthesis of the obtained data allows us to state that the main feature using to therapeutic exercises in the generalized physical rehabilitation program is that they have restorative, training orientation and comprehensively affect the restoration of stability and mobility in injured joints, muscle tone and coordination of movements, proprioceptive function, special motor skills, skills, physical qualities, general and special physical performance.

Conclusions. It was determined that the main therapeutic exercises which are used in the physical rehabilitation of athletes in futsal after injuries of the musculoskeletal system are massage exercises, stretching exercises, low-intensity cyclic locomotion, tension and relaxation exercises for healthy limbs, therapeutic exercises, conditioning exercises for large muscle groups, breathing exercises, local exercises on simulators and technical rehabilitation equipment.


Alkhub, Sh. A. M., Al-Kuran, D. T. M., & Nikanorov, O. K. (2018). Suchasni uiavlennia pro kompleksne zastocuvannia zasobiv vidnovlennia u prohramakh fizychnoi reabilitatsii sportsmeniv z travmamy nyzhnikh kintsivok [Сontemporary notions about complex usage of recovery means in physical rehabilitation programs for athletes with the lower extremity injuries]. Sports medicine and physical rehabilitation, 1, 87-92. [in Ukrainian].

Nahorna, O. B., & Zelinskyi, V. M. (2017). Fizychna reabilitatsiia patsiientiv pislia sportyvnykh travm [Physical rehabilitation of patients after sport injuries]. Rehabilitation & Recreation, 2, 61-66. [in Ukrainian].

Alalvan, M., & Nikanorov, A. (2016). Sovremennye predstavlenija o fizicheskoj reabilitacii sportsmenov komandnyh vidov sporta s povrezhdeniem ahillova suhozhilija [Modern views on the physical rehabilitation of team sports athletes with achilles tendon damage]. Theory and Methods of Physical Education and Sports, 2, 34-37. [in Russian].

Vinogradov, V. E., & Lopatenko, G. O. (2017). Primenenie vnetrenirovochnyh sredstv dlja povyshenija fizicheskoj podgotovlennosti v futbole [Extra-training means usage for physical fitness improvement in football]. Sports medicine and physical rehabilitation, 2, 33-45. [in Russian].

Muhi, H. M., & Valeev, N. M. (2016). Vosstanovlenie sportivnoj rabotosposobnosti futbolistov na zavershajushhem jetape reabilitacii [Recovery of football players’ athletic capacity at the final stage of rehabilitation]. Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, 5, 236-241. doi: 10.5930/issn.1994-4683.2016.05.135.p236-241 [in Russian].

Muhi, H. M. (2017). Pojetapnaja sistema fizicheskoj reabilitacii futbolistov posle hirurgicheskogo vmeshatelstva na svjazochnom apparate kolennogo sustava (Dis… kand. ped. nauk). [The phased system of physical rehabilitation of football players after surgery on the ligamentous apparatus of the knee joint. Dr. ped. sci. diss.]. Moscow. [in Russian].

Sadrtdinov, A. A. (2016). Vlijanie lechebnoj fizkultury na dinamiku vosstanovlenija posle travm nizhnih konechnostej u molodyh futbolistov [Influence of physiotherapy exercises on dynamics of recovering from injuries of the lower extremities of young football players]. Modern scientific researches and innovations, 9. Retrieved from

Almeida, A., Santos Silva, P., Pedrinelli, A., & Hernandez, A. (2018). Aerobic fitness in professional soccer players after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. PLoS ONE, 13(3), e0194432. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194432

Buckthorpe, M., Frizziero, A., & Roi, G. (2018). Update on functional recovery process for the injured athlete: return to sport continuum redefined. British Journal Of Sports Medicine, 53(5), 265-267. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099341

Doroshenko, E. Yu. (2015). Zastosuvannia zasobiv stretchynhu v protsesi fizychnoi reabilitatsii futbolistiv z poshkodzhenniamy verkhnikh i nyzhnikh kintsivok [Application of stretching techniques in physical rehabilitation of football players with traumas of upper and lower limbs]. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 7, 11-16. doi: 10.15561/18189172.2015.0702 [in Ukrainian].

Ishøi, L., Hölmich, P., Aagaard, P., Thorborg, K., Bandholm, T., & Serner, A. (2018). Effects of the Nordic Hamstring exercise on sprint capacity in male football players: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(14), 1663-1672. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1409609

Gomez-Piqueras, P., Gonzalez-Rubio, J., Sainz de Baranda, P., & Najera, A. (2018). Use of functional performance tests in sports: Evaluation proposal for football players in the rehabilitation phase. Turkish Journal Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, 64(2), 148-154. doi: 10.5606/tftrd.2018.1462

Jones, N.S. (2014). Update: soccer injury and prevention, concussion, and chronic groin pain. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 13(5), 319-325. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000085

Morris, T., McCracken, C., Baggish, A., Weisskopf, M., Zafonte, R., & Taylor, H. et al. (2019). Multisystem afflictions in former National Football League players. American Journal Of Industrial Medicine, 62, 655-662. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22992

Dalla Rosa Nogales, J., & Nogales Zafra, J. (2019). Bilateral simultaneous tibial tubercle avulsion in an adolescent football player with previous bilateral Osgood-Schlatter disease. Case Reports in Orthopedics, 1-4. doi: 10.1155/2019/8535370

Ramirez-Campillo, R., Alvarez, C., Sanchez-Sanchez, J., Slimani, M., Gentil, P., Chelly, M., & Shephard, R. (2019). Effects of plyometric jump training on the physical fitness of young male soccer players: Modulation of response by inter-set recovery interval and maturation status. Journal Of Sports Sciences, 37(23), 2645-2652. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1626049

Riepenhof, H., Del Vescovo, R., Droste, J., McAleer, S., & Pietsch, A. (2018). Muscle injuries in professional football: Treatment and rehabilitation. Der Unfallchirurg, 121(6), 441-449. doi: 10.1007/s00113-018-0501-z [in German].

Selmi, O., Ouerghi, N., Ben Khalifa, W., Amara, F., & Bouassida A. (2018). The influence of total quality recovery in perceived enjoyment during football specific training. Iran journal of public health, 47 (8), 1211-1212.

Shaw, G., Serpell, B., & Baar, K. (2019). Rehabilitation and nutrition protocols for optimising return to play from traditional ACL reconstruction in elite rugby union players: A case study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(15), 1794-1803. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1594571

Taberner, M., & Cohen, D. (2018). Physical preparation of the football player with an intramuscular hamstring tendon tear: clinical perspective with video demonstrations. British Journal Of Sports Medicine, 52(19), 1275-1278. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098817

Tavares, F., Smith, T., & Driller, M. (2017). Fatigue and recovery in rugby: a review. Sports Medicine, 47(8), 1515-1530. doi: 10.1007/s40279-017-0679-1

How to Cite

Doroshenko EY, Malakhova SM, Chernenko OY, Hurieieva AM, Shapovalova IV, Sazanova IO, Oliinyk MO, Svitlychna TS. Therapeutic exercises in the process of physical rehabilitation of athletes with traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system (based on futsal). Current issues in pharmacy and medicine: science and practice [Internet]. 2019Nov.21 [cited 2024Jul.20];(3). Available from:



Original research