Wound healing activity of ointment containing essential oils of yarrow floodplain herb
Keywords:Achillea, Volatile Oils, Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry, Wound Healing
It has been revealed by the method of chromatography-mass spectrometry that in the essential oil of yarrow floodplain dominate sesquiterpenoids, such as hamazulen (23,23%), karyophyllenoxydу (15,18%), β-karyophyllene (6,03 %). As a result, pharmacological studies has revealed the healing action of an ointment containing essential oil of yarrow floodplain that showed significant increasing rate of regeneration in defect of the skin, caused by an alcoholic solution of sulfuric.
The search of effective treatments for infected wound processes is one of the important problems of medicine. As a result of many years research in the flora of southern Ukraine we found genus Achillea promising for the use in medicine, due to its contents of various groups of biologically active substances.
The purpose of this study was to examine the wound healing activity of an ointment containing 10 % of yarrow floodplain essential oil.
Materials and methods. Aboveground plant parts in Zaporizhzhya region and Crimea during mass flowering have been harvested for essential oil. The essential oil obtained by method of hydrodistillation. Analysis of essential oils has been carried out on a chromatograph Agilent Technology – 6890 with mass spectrometric detector 5973 N.
The study has been conducted in a wound healing activity in vivo experiments on 21 white male rats of Wistar line, weight 220.0 ± 20.0 g with no external signs of disease. Wound defect has been formed by conditioning shaved area of the skin by 20 % alcoholic solution of sulfuric acid.
Results and discussion. For an objective assessment rate of wound healing by the area changing, we used planimetric method of L.N. Popov, calculating the average area (M ± m), the percentage of reduction of the wounds area in relation to the original size (that is the percentage of wound healing) and the rate of wound healing (that is the percentage of reduction of area per day).
By chromatography-mass spectrometry in the essential oil of yarrow herb floodplain 62 components have been found, from which 34 components have been identified, they have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, immune-stimulating, regenerative properties according to the literature data.
Pharmacological studies of wound healing ability of yarrow floodplain essential oil showed a significant increasing of the rate of skin defect regeneration. The study has found significant differences in the percentage of wound surface area reduction between the control animals and rats treated by 10% ointment of yarrow floodplain essentia. The maximum difference in terms of percentage between the experimental and control group recorded on the 10th day of the experiment, accounting for 41.08 %.
It should be noted that in addition to wound healing activity of the ointment with essential oils of yarrow stimulated the restoration of damaged hair in experimental animals. It is also important to note that in the experimental group edema of the tissue surrounding the wound decreased significantly starting from the 4th day of the experiment, whereas in the control group, the edema and inflammation around the wounds have been maintained for 7-8 days.
During the experiment, wound healing effect has been observed in the control animals to 18 days of experiment, while the use of an ointment containing essential oil of yarrow floodplain has contributed significantly to the acceleration of the regeneration. Healing of the defect with using the proposed agent has been observed a week earlier.
1. As a result, pharmacological studies has revealed healing action of an ointment containing essential oil of yarrow floodplain that showed significant increasing rate of regeneration in defect of the skin, caused by an alcoholic solution of sulfuric acid.
2. The obtained results indicate the prospects of further study the ointment containing essential oil of yarrow floodplain in order to create an effective drug with a wound healing activity.
Bubenchikova, V. N., Malyutina, A. Y., Novikov, L. S., et al. (2013) Ranozazhivlyayushhaya aktivnost' gelya na osnove gustogo e`kstrakta travy prozannika krapchatogo [Wound healing activity-based gel thick extract of grass speckled prozannika]. Fundamental`nye issledovaniya, 8(1), 123–127. [in Russian].
Bocharov, I. G., Avtina, N. V., & Chestnikova, S.E`. (2005) K voprosu o razrabotke lekarstvennykh form dlya lecheniya vospalitel'nykh processov verkhnechelyustnykh pazukh i e`ksperimental'nom obosnovanii ikh primeneniya [On the development of drugs for the treatment of inflammatory processes of the maxillary sinuses and experimental substantiation of application]. Chelovek i ego zdorov'e, 3, 11–15. [in Russian].
Ogai, M. A., Stepanova, E. Ph., Larionov, L. P., & Petrov, A. Ju. (2009) Farmakologicheskie issledovaniya i tehnologiya fitogelej dlya korrekcii posledstvij sakharnogo diabeta [Research and Technology of phytogels for correction results diabetes]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Himiya. Biologiya. Farmaciya, 2, 171–173. [in Russian].
Sellar, W. (2005). E`nciklopedia e`firnykh masel [Encyclopedia of essential oils]. Moscow: Grand-Fair. [in Russian].
Stefanov, O. V. (Ed.) (2001). Doklіnіchnі doslіdzhennya lіkarskikh zasobіv [Preclinical studies of drugs].Kyiv: Avіtsena. [in Ukrainian].
Grigoryan, A., Bezhin, A., Pankrusheva, T. A., et al. (2011) Immobilizirovannye formy antiseptikov dlya lecheniya gnojnykh ran v e`ksperimente [Immobilized form of antiseptics for the treatment of septic wounds in the experiment]. Chelovek i ego zdorov`e, 4, 24–33. [in Russian].
Gerasimov, A. N. (2007). Medicinskaya statistika [Medical statistics]. Moscow: MIA. [in Russian].
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access)