The elemental composition of leaves of promising species of decorative plants

Authors

  • K. S. Skrebtsova National University of Pharmacy, Kharkiv, Ukraine,
  • Yu. A. Fedchenkova National University of Pharmacy, Kharkiv, Ukraine,
  • O. P. Khvorost National University of Pharmacy, Kharkiv, Ukraine,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14739/2409-2932.2019.1.158955

Keywords:

Key words, Crassula ovata, Dieffenbachia Bowmannii, plant leaves, mineral compounds

Abstract

The aim of the research is to determine the component composition of the mineral compounds of Crassula ovata leaves and Dieffenbachia Bowmannii leaves.Materials and methods. Raw materials – the leaves of Crassula ovata and Dieffenbachia Bowmannii were harvested from own grown plants during 2017. We used the method of atomic emission spectrography with photographic recording on a DFS-8 instrument to determine the composition of compounds of mineral nature.Results. It is established that the raw material – the leaves of the Crassula ovata and the leaves of Dieffenbachia Bowmannii have at least 19 elements. In the Crassula ovata leaves and Dieffenbachia Bowmannii leaves such macronutrients are accumulated in large quantities as: potassium – 2150 mg/100 g and 2580 mg/100 g, respectively, silicium 1120 mg/100 g and 1220 mg/100 g, respectively, and calcium – 900 mg/100 g and 1090 mg/100 g, respectively. The accumulation of elements in the leaves of Crassula ovata bollard is comparable to the accumulation of compounds of this group in the leaves of Dieffenbachia Bowmannii. Conclusions. The elemental composition of Crassula ovata leaves and Dieffenbachia Bowmannii leaves was studied by atomic emission spectrography with photographic recording. The presence of 19 elements has been established, of which in both types of raw materials dominate the content of potassium, silicium and calcium. The quantitative content of each of the elements in the leaves of Crassula ovata is comparable to the content in the leaves of Dieffenbachia Bowmannii

References

Kovtun-Vodyanytska, S. (2016) Mineralnyi sklad syrovyny roslyn rodu Isodon (Schrad. ex Benth.) Spach. [Mineral composition of the substance of the plants of the isodon genus (Schrad. ex Benth.) Spach]. Naukovi zapysky NaUKMA. Biolohiia ta ekolohiia, 184, 29–33. [in Ukrainian].

Kruglov, D. S., & Ovchinnikova, S. V. (2012) E'lementnyj sostav rastenij semejstva Boraginaceae [The element composition of Boraginaceae family plants]. Rastitel'nyj mir Aziatskoj Rossii, 1(9), 77–95. [in Russian].

Derkach, T. M., & Khomenko, V. G. (2018) Essential and Toxic Mikroelements in the Medicinal remedy Hyperichi herba by Different Producers. Research J. of Pharmacy and Technology, 11(2), 466–474. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00086.0

Bahadur, B., Venkat Rajam, M., Shijram, L., & Krishnamurthy, K. V. Plant Biology and Biotechnology. Edition: 1, Chapter: 3, Publisher: Springer India.

Fernández-Ruiz, V., Olives, A. I., Cámara, M., Sánchez-Mata Mde, C., & Torija, M. E. (2011) Mineral and trace elements content in 30 accessions of tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and wild relatives (Solanum pimpinellifolium L., Solanum cheesmaniae L. Riley and Solanum habrochaites S. Knapp & D.M. Spooner). Biological Trace Element Research, 141, 329–339. doi: 10.1007/s12011-010-8738-6.

Pytlakowska, K., Kita, A., Janoska, P., Połowniak, M., & Kozik, V. (2012) Multi-element analysis of mineral and trace elements in medicinal V herbs and their infusions. Food Chemistry, 135(2), 494–501. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.05.002.

Hänsch, R., & Mendel, R. F. (2009) Physiological functions of mineral micronutrients (Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Ni, Mo, B, Cl). Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 12(3), 259–266. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2009.05.006

Bordoloi, M., Bordoloi, P. R., Dutta, P. P., & Singh, V. (2016) Studies on some edible herbs: Antioxidant activity, phenolic content, mineral content and antifungal properties. J. of Functional Foods., 23, 220–229. doi: 10.1016/j.jff.2016.02.028

Konieczynski, P., Arceusz, A., & Wesolowski, M. (2016) Essential Elements and Their Relations to Phenolic Compounds in Infusions of Medicinal Plants Acquired from Different European Regions. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 170, 466–475. doi: 10.1007/s12011-015-0481-6.

Lambers, H., Hayes, P. E., Laliberté, E., Oliveira, R. S., & Turner, B. L. (2015) Leaf manganese accumulation and phosphorus-acquisition efficiency. Plant Science. 20(2), 83–90. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2014.10.007.

Kramer, U. (2010) Metal Hyperaccumulation in Plants. Annu. Rev. Plant. Biol., 61, 517–534. doi: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042809-112156.

Shyrobokova, D. N., Nikitina, V. V., Haidarzhy, M. M., & Bahlai, K. M. (2003) Kaktusy ta inshi sukulentni roslyny [Cacti and other succulent plants]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].

Muiruri, M. D. & Mwangi, W. (2016) Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Activity of (Crassula ovata) Jade Plant on Different Strains of Bacteria. European J. of Medicinal Plants, 11(1), 1–12. doi: 10.9734/EJMP/2016/19753

Oloyede, G K., Onocha, P. A., & Abimbade, S. F. (2011) Chemical Composition, Toxicity, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Leaf and Stem Essential Oils of Dieffenbachia picta. European J. of Scientific Research, 49(4), 567–580.

Tymochko, I. Ya. & Hrynyk, O. M. (2015) Doslidzhennia vmistu makro- ta mikroelementiv u Allium ursinum L. u riznykh typakh lisu [Research of Maintenanse Macro- and Microelements in Allium ursinum L. in the Different types of forest]. Naukovyy visnyk NLTU Ukrayiny, 255, 110–122. [in Ukrainian].

Skal'nyj, A. V., & Rudakov. M. (2004) Mikroe'lementy dlya vashego zdorov'ya [Trace elements for your health]. Moscow. [in Russian].

How to Cite

1.
Skrebtsova KS, Fedchenkova YA, Khvorost OP. The elemental composition of leaves of promising species of decorative plants. Current issues in pharmacy and medicine: science and practice [Internet]. 2019Mar.11 [cited 2024Jul.21];(1). Available from: http://pharmed.zsmu.edu.ua/article/view/158955

Issue

Section

Original research